Minggu, 27 Mei 2012

Tourism in the United States

Tourism in the United States is a large industry that serves millions of international and domestic tourists yearly. Tourists visit the US to see natural wonders, cities, historic landmarks and entertainment venues. Americans seek similar attractions, as well as recreation and vacation areas.

Tourism in the United States grew rapidly in the form of urban tourism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. By the 1850s, tourism in the United States was well established both as a cultural activity and as an industry. New York, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco, all major US cities, attracted a large number of tourists by the 1890s. By 1915, city touring had marked significant shifts in the way Americans perceived, organized and moved around in urban environments.

Democratization of travel occurred during the early twentieth century when the automobile revolutionized travel. Similarly air travel revolutionized travel during 1945–1969, contributing greatly to tourism in the United States. By 2007 the number of international tourists had climbed to over 56 million people who spent $122.7 billion dollars, setting an all time record.[1]

The travel and tourism industry in the United States was among the first commercial casualties of the September 11, 2001 attacks, a series of terrorist attacks on the US. Terrorists used four commercial airliners as weapons of destruction, all of which were destroyed in the attacks with 3,000 casualties.

In the US, tourism is either the first, second or third largest employer in 29 states[which?], employing 7.3 million in 2004, to take care of 1.19 billion trips tourists took in the US in 2005. As of 2007, there are 2,462 registered National Historic Landmarks (NHL) recognized by the United States government. As of 2008, the most visited tourist attraction in the US is Times Square in Manhattan, New York City which attracts approximately 35 million visitors yearly.

Tourism in Singapore

Singapore has a well-developed tourism industry, with more than 8 million visitors in 2004. As a cosmopolitan city that highlight racial and cultural harmony, many visitors are visiting Singapore as a destination, not only as a stepping stone or a transit point.
Takashimaya, the shopping center located on Orchard Road

Singapore has been recorded among foreign tourists as an attractive tourist destination, making tourism one of the major industries in Singapore. Cultural differences reflect a rich colonial history and the ethnic Malays, Chinese, Arab and India. For years considered a business center in Southeast Asia, Singapore has a thriving shopping area located in the district of Orchard Road. Filled with several shopping centers, this area also has many hotels, and is considered by many as the tourism center of Singapore.

Other notable attractions include the Singapore Zoological Gardens and Night Safari. There, people can explore the habitat of Asia, Africa and South America at night, with no real barrier between guests and the wild animals. Singapore Zoo has embraced the concept of 'open zoo' where the animals are awake to the fence, separated from visitors by dry or wet moats concealed, instead of the animal cages. Also famous Jurong Bird Park, where there is a good specimen of the bird life around the world, including a flock of thousands of flamingos. Sentosa Island, located south of Singapore, consisting of 20-30 landmarks, such as Fort Siloso, built as a fortress to resist the Japanese during World War II. Guns of World War II can be seen at Fort Siloso, from small guns to 16 pounds (7 kg). Now, the island has built Carlsberg Sky Tower, which makes visitors can view the entire Sentosa. In the future, Singapore will have two members of a casino resort in 2009, one in Marina Bayfront and the other at Sentosa which has been announced by the government during a parliamentary session on 18 April 2005.
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